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EUROPEAN-SEED.COM I EUROPEAN SEED I 51 Agronomix Software Inc. Winnipeg Manitoba Canada Phone 1-204-487-4245 Email Website Increase Your Success... developing superior hybrids and varieties with the global software solution for plant breeding and Is your plant breeding software working for you Is your data in a secure database or across spreadsheets breeding data. government research organizations in 40 countries across the world www.agronomix.commovie personal Ask us about AGROBASE Tablet to upload data from applications in plant breeding by increasing the precision of markers for traits such as malting quality or stem rust. Because barley is a close relative to wheat the new work could offer useful infor- mation leading to the complete sequencing of the wheat genome. What we have now is much finer reso- lution of genetic information throughout the barley genome said Timothy Close a profes- sor of genetics at UC Riverside and the corre- sponding author on the research paper. This is an improved resource used throughout the world. Prior to this work a long-held view was that the distribution of genes in the genomes of barley wheat and their relatives is such that the gene-dense regions are only out near the ends of chromosomes where there is also a high rate of recombination. Our work revealed clear exceptions identifying deviant regions that are gene-rich but low recombination. Recombination refers to the formation of new combinations of genes naturally during meiosis which is a stage of the cell cycle where chromosomes pair up and undergo exchange. Close explained that plant breeders rely on meiotic recombination to introduce favourable forms of genes for malting quality stem rust or any number of traits into cultivated varie- ties. Crosses are made and progeny plants are screened for desirable new combinations of traits. When a favourable form of a gene allele lies within a gene-dense low recom- bination region it requires much more work to bring that favorable allele into an existing variety without also dragging in neighbouring genes that may exist in undesirable forms. Source University of California Riverside STATUS PAKISTAN After the Senate Agriculture Committee approved the amendments to Pakistans 1976 Seed Act the full Senate will convene in the coming months to cast their votes. Aside from the Seed Act the Government of Pakistan is also reviewing the Plant Breeders Rights Act which would strengthen intellectual property protection and the Biosafety Act which would emphasise the role of the government in regulating biotech products. The key provisions include The amendments would bring the private sector under the purview of the Seed Act. Aspiring individuals or companies to join the seed industry must have a seed processing plant or register as a seed dealer. Sale of seeds without registration or sale of misbranded seeds would be subject to impris- onment or fine. Biotech seeds may not contain the gene that disallows replanting of the crop but is not deployed in commercial crops. Biotech seeds must be approved by the National Biosafety Committee to be safe for the environment humans animals and plants. Source USDA-FAS.