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36 I EUROPEAN SEED I EUROPEAN-SEED.COM SPOTLIGHT UKRAINE AN ATTRACTIVE PARTNER A CLOSER LOOK AT THE SEED ASSOCIATION OF UKRAINE. BY SEED ASSOCIATION OF UKRAINE n recent years Ukraine has significantly increased its economic performance in the agricultural sector. By joining the World Trade Organization accession to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Schemes of varietal certification and ratification of the International Seed Testing Association Constitution the Ukraine government has made significant steps toward the global market. Through these changes the country has strengthened its position in different markets making it an attractive partner particularly for investment. In November 2009 Ukraine was accepted as a member of the OECD schemes of varietal certification and control of movement of seed in international trade in particular the seeds of cereals maize and sorghum. Since 2009 Ukraine has adopted the necessary legislative and administrative measures to ensure seeds produced in Ukraine are in line with EU requirements. In particular Parliament adopted the Ukraine Law On Ukraines accession to the OECD Scheme of varietal certification of cereal seeds Scheme of varietal certification of maize and sorghum seed of 15 February 2011 No. 3019-VI. In a similar effort in 2010 Ukraine assumed obligations to participate in ISTA by approval of the Ukraine Law On ratification of the Constitution of the International Seed Testing Association. As a result the Ukraine Law On seeds and planting stock No. 5397-VI dated 2 December 2012 has also been adapted in line with international requirements and adopted in the new edition. And last but not least on 6 April 2011 Ukraine announced its intention to receive EU certification equivalence of seed crops maize and sorghum. In May and June 2015 the EU mission conducted an audit in Ukraine in order to grant the EU recognition of equivalence of field inspections of seed crops for seed production and inspection of produced seed. The audit report was positive and Ukraine is now waiting for an approval issued by competent bodies of the EU. I UKRAINES SEED SECTOR In 2014 the total area of seed crops in Ukraine reached 1098000 hectares seed crops only with a total production of certified seed of 2037000 tons Table 1. Of this total amount about 400000 tonnes of certified seed was sold in the market and the rest was used by agricultural and seed companies for their own needs. According to Ukrainian legislation seed producers shall register themselves for access to the production processing and sale of seeds. Over the past three years the number of registered seed producers decreased from 1399 in 2012 to 912 in 2014. An update of the register of seed producers certification takes place every year as part of the application for seed production. As of September 2015 the register of seed producers included 729 entities. Table 1 lists the production data from 2012 to 2014 with respect to certain types of seed crops according to the request for equivalence recognition. SEED ASSOCIATION OF THE UKRAINE The Seed Association of Ukraine SAU was established in April 2010. The founders and members of the association are leading international and Ukrainian companies that operate in the field of plant breeding and seed production and own breeding and genetic products. The association represents the interests of seed manufacturers and suppliers and brings together leading international and Ukrainian companies that work in the field of plant breeding and seed production in Ukraine. The SAU is an independent professional association of seed industry enterprises. The activities of member companies cover many different crops such as winter crops spring crops legumes cereals and fodder crops potatoes sugar and fodder beets oilseeds corn sorghum and vegetable crops.