Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52EUROPEAN-SEED.COM I EUROPEAN SEED I 45 enzyme present in all plants that causes dis- colouring. The enzyme causes browning in sliced apples, black spots in cut avocados and dark marks on banana peels. The new wheat line, 070R1074, was developed by crossing two Australian wheats entered into the ARS National Small Grains Collection in the 1930s. Collaborating with the University of Nebraska and Montana State University, Graybosch screened wheats in the collection for polyphenol oxidase and then mated wheats with different forms of the genes that produced this enzyme. Wheat breeding lines with very low levels of polyphenol oxidase were generated from these crosses. In their research, Graybosch and his colleagues discovered naturally occurring genetic mutations in the new wheat line, which resulted in nearly complete loss of polyphenol oxidase activity. Researchers have used the trait to improve breeding lines and could eventually incorporate it into elite lines to produce highly desirable cultivars. The United Kingdom’s Rothamsted Research has been given the okay to go ahead with a field trial of genetically modified camelina plants on the Rothamsted Farm in 2016 and 2017. The trial is part of a research project by Rothamsted scientists. The trial will test whether GM Camelina sativa plants are able to make significant quantities of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and astaxanthin in the seed of the plant under field conditions. Omega-3 LC-PUFAs have been shown to be beneficial for human health and contribute to protection against coronary heart diseases. The controlled experiment will be car- ried out at Rothamsted Research and sowing of Camelina seeds will take place in May this year. The plants will be harvested August/September 2016, and a small amount of seed will be used to analyse the oil content—the rest of the seed and plant material will be destroyed according to the consent’s conditions. The GM inspectorate of the Food and Environment Research Agency will be carrying out regular inspections. Monsanto Company has expressed its disap- pointment that recent discussions with the Argentina Ministry of Agriculture and pre- vious areas of alignment have yet to result in a mutually agreeable solution for soybean growers, the broader agriculture industry and the Government of Argentina. Therefore, as a result of its obligations to its farmer cus- tomers worldwide, who expect and deserve a level playing field, as well as the company’s owners, Monsanto is reinforcing its commit- ment to enforce its private contracts and intel- lectual property rights both inside and outside Argentina. Additionally, until such time that there is further clarity within Argentina on a predictable way to collect royalties on the value new patented soybean technologies bring, the company plans to take measures to protect its current assets and will suspend launching any future soybean technologies in the country, including Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans. ‘We were optimistic that a solution would be secured to allow the legally oper- ating soybean technology royalty system to continue uninterrupted following recent dis- cussions between the Ministry of Agriculture for Argentina and the soybean industry stake- holders’, said Brett Begemann, Monsanto pres- ident and chief operating officer. ‘While the Government of Argentina has acknowledged to us that they were committed to support- ing a conducive environment for continued investment and further long-term develop- ment of agriculture through recognition of intellectual property rights and a recognition of private agreements, the recent actions are not consistent with that position. Both endors- ing and actively supporting these basic prin- ciples are necessary to create a predictable business environment, which invites foreign investment’. Hazera is a global leader in the seed industry. Hazera brings you expertise, innovation and local support. We grow hand-in-hand with our partners. The success of our customers is at the heart of everything we do. • Expertise • Innovation • Support Committed to Growing Together