b"INDUSTRY NEWSTAILORED TO SEED PROFESSIONALS, INDUSTRY NEWS DELIVERS THE PEOPLE, RESEARCH, BUSINESS AND PRODUCT NEWS YOU NEED TO KNOW. SUBMISSIONS ARE WELCOME. EMAIL US AT NEWS@ISSUESINK.COM.INDUSTRY NEWS controls the synthesis of bird-deterring astringent polyphenols A team including scientists from the University of Illinois has iden- called tannins, as well as bird-attracting fatty-acid-derived vol-tified the ways in which glyphosate-resistant waterhemp hasatile organic compounds. The authors suggest that the findings emerged in corn and soybean fields in southwestern Ontario. Incould lead to novel control strategies to protect major cereal crops a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy ofworldwide.Sciences, the team reveals glyphosate resistance, first detected in Ontario in 2010, has spread thanks to two mechanisms: first, pollen and seeds of resistant plants are physically dispersed byA team of plant scientists from King Abdullah University for wind, water, and other means; second, resistance has appearedScience and Technology (KAUST) has begun a major project to through the spontaneous emergence of resistance mutations thatimprove global date palm production and protection. This pro-then spread. ject is the first time that the date palm genome has been studied so comprehensively. Dr. Ikram Blilou, Professor of Plant Science at King Abdullah University for Science and Technology (KAUST) The European Union Commission launched a fruit and vegeta- and her research team in Saudi Arabia have collected samples from ble market observatory Oct. 18. The new fruit and vegetabledate palms by the Quba mosque in Madinah, some of the most market observatory will provide greater transparency and short- ancient date palms in the world.term analysis to a key sector for European agriculture. Fruit and vegetables represent around 24% of the EU agricultural output value. The market observatory will be regularly updated with aAn international research collaboration has successfully assem-wide range of market data such as prices, production and trade.bled the complete genome sequence of the pathogen that causes Those will be complemented by market analysis, short-term out- the devastating disease Asian soybean rust. The research devel-look reports, medium-term prospects, and regular board meetingsopment marks a critical step in addressing the threat of the genet-composed of market experts to discuss the markets state of play. ically-complex and highly-adaptive fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi which has one of the largest genomes of all plant pathogensUsing the full wheat genome map published in 2018, combined with data from field testing of wheat breeding lines in multi- A new study conducted by a team of scientists from the U.S., ple countries, an international team of scientists has identifiedArgentina, and the Netherland's has identified the genetic clues significant new chromosomal regions for wheat yield andto the resilience of rice plants to flooding that may help scien-disease resistance and created a freely-available collectiontists improve the prospects for other crops. The UC Riverside of genetic information and markers for more than 40,000 wheatteam conducted flooding experiments and analysis of rice plant lines. Reported in Nature Genetics, the results will speed upgenomes, while the UC Davis group did the same with the tomato global efforts to breed more productive and climate-resilientspecies, and the barrel clover work was done at Emory. The varieties of bread wheat, a critical crop for world food securityresults suggest that the timing and smoothness of the genetic that is under threat from rising temperatures, rapidly-evolvingresponse may account for the variations in the outcomes for the fungal pathogens, and more frequent droughts. plants during the experiments.A single gene in sorghum controls bird feeding behaviour byAn international research team has scientifically confirmed simultaneously regulating the production of bad-tasting moleculesthe presence of the fungus Fusarium Tropical Race 4 (TR4) and attractive volatiles, according to a study publishing Septemberin Cavendish banana plants in Colombia. TR4 is the cause of 23 in the journal Molecular Plant. This gene, called Tannin1,Fusarium wilt, also known as Panama disease. The findings are 44IEUROPEAN SEEDIEUROPEAN-SEED.COM"